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What is the definition of plastic surgery?

The name plastic surgery is taken from the Greek word “plastikos”, which means to form or mold. Plastic surgery is a special type of surgery that involves both a person’s appearance and his or her ability to function.
Plastic surgery includes both surgical and non-surgical treatments that reshape the body and will improve appearance and confidence. Our directory of plastic surgeons will allow you to locate the best plastic surgeon near you and suited to your needs. It is best to have realistic expectations when performing plastic and cosmetic surgery.
On surgeries.org, you will find reviews and comments about plastic surgeons who provide many different surgeries such as Breast Augmentation, Breast Lift, Liposuction, Rhinoplasty and many other cosmetic treatments.
It is worth noting that no surgical procedure is without risk and that you should understand and evaluate the risks before undergoing any surgical procedure. A discussion of all potential benefits and complications should be held during a consultation with a plastic surgeon.
The surgeons listed in our directory also perform reconstructive surgery. This type of surgery can improve abilities and functionalities to restore the form and function of the body. Reconstructive surgeons use the concept of a reconstructive ladder to heal increasingly complex wounds. Reconstructive surgeries are all about repairing people and restoring functions that were lost. Reconstructive surgery is used to repair birth defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma/injuries, infections, tumors, and disease.
Many techniques are used by plastic surgeons to repair damage through the transfer of tissue from one part of the body to another. This allows the plastic surgeon to restore the function or appearance of a specific part of the body.
Cosmetic surgery procedures are constantly being improved and the improvements in technology allow plastic surgeons to perform safer and more precise surgeries.


Plastic surgery advantages and disadvantages

Advantages of Plastic Surgery

  1. Plastic surgery is not so painful.
    The advances in technology and medical equipment have made plastic surgery less painful than it was in the past. Plastic surgery has become less painful than in the past and effective painkillers can relieve the pain of plastic surgery even more.
  2. Some plastic surgery procedures are beneficial to your health.
    While aesthetic purposes remain as the key reasons for undergoing plastic surgery, it is crucial to comprehend that plastic surgeries also help in correcting certain health issues. For instance, a breast augmentation procedure may come in handy when the breasts are too big and heavy, thus putting too much pressure on the spine, which may result in neck and back pain. Performing a breast augmentation procedure on such breasts to reduce their size can reduce the pain as well as leave one with beautifully proportionate breasts.
    Repulsive scars arising from horrific burns or accidents on any body surface can be eliminated through a reconstructive plastic surgery, which utilizes skin grafts.
    Moreover, women who have undergone mastectomy following breast cancer have to routinely undergo reconstructive surgeries to restore both physical and emotional balance as well as get new breasts. Breasts are largely considered as a symbol of femininity, and restoring them gives such women renewed hoped and normalcy, which aids the patients to get the required emotional strength to fight the battle against breast cancer.
  3. Plastic surgery helps get rid of sagging skin.
    Every day we get flooded with ads promoting exercise regimens, facials, slimming massages, and magic creams, which promise to offer the solution to saggy buttocks, face, abdomen and so on. The truth is those products do not work. Simply put, saggy skin can only be perfectly corrected through plastic surgery.
    If you were obese, overweight or just lost substantial weight, you will most likely have tons of saggy, loose skin. Regular visits to the gym will rarely help, especially if our skin elasticity is poor. Surgical intervention, as such, stands out as the only remedy for the unwanted loose, sagging skin.
    A tummy tuck is among the most requested plastic surgery procedures in the world. The exercise involves removing the excess fat tissues and skin in the abdominal area as well as tightening the weakened abdominal muscles. Extreme dieting or even bariatric surgery results in massive weight loss, which leads to the loss of elasticity by the subcutaneous tissues leading to sagginess. The issue here will not only be aesthetic.
    Excessively saggy and loose skin will have adverse effects on the quality of your life, which will ultimately render simple activities, including walking and light exercise difficult as it impacts on our mobility. One is also left with an increased risk of skin infections. Fortuitously, all these issues can be easily corrected with a series of plastic surgery procedures such as thighs lift, tummy tuck, breasts lift, buttock lift, upper arms lift as well as liposuction.
    The sagging skin resulting from significant weight loss can adversely impact on the emotional state of an individual. This is both an aesthetic and functional issue. If not dealt with, the excess, sagging skin from bariatric procedures reduces the joy of having lost weight dramatically as the body will remain less appealing. As such, tons of patients are willing to undergo plastic surgeries to ameliorate the tonus and shape of their skin in addition to acquiring a firmer, core contoured body shape.
    Specialists in this field posit that body reshaping after significant weight loss substantially improves both the physical and emotional state of the patients, which leads to an improved quality of life.
  4. The outcomes of plastic surgery procedures are forthwith visible, and permanent in most scenarios.
    It may take you years of gym workouts to finally get the six-pack you have been coveting. But contrastively, maybe not, due to the stubborn layer of the fat lining around your abdomen, which is resistant to exercise and diet. Liposuction is a surgical procedure, which can turn out to be your instant transformation as it helps reshape and improve your body through the removal of the localized deposits of fat.
    Unmistakably, the results of plastic surgeries are immediate. You can acquire bigger breasts, a more rounded and perkier butt or that tiny, well-shaped waist with only a simple procedure. Naturally, the recovery period is stated to be around two weeks, but in as short as some few hours, one can see the remarkable improvement on the specific body part under plastic surgery reconstruction.
    Additionally, in most cases, the results of such procedures are permanent for buttock and breast augmentation with implants and other types of lifts, but it, of course, carries certain restrictions. To make the benefits of plastic surgery long-term, the patient be willing to make certain changes to their lifestyle, including regular exercises, healthy eating, and maintaining a stable weight.

Disadvantages of Plastic Surgery

  1. The prices of plastic surgery procedures are prohibitory.
    In most instances, plastic surgeries are not covered by the regular health insurance plans. Notably, the cost will vary based on the procedure being undertaken. It definitely is not a drop in the bucket! The charges could amount to several tens of thousands of dollars. When factoring the costs of the procedure, it is essential to consider the recovery costs, post-operative care as well as revision surgeries, which might be required.
  2. Plastic surgery does not transform you into someone else.
    Fairly, plastic surgery is not a godmother, which can transform you by the snap of the finger. As such, once should regulate their expectations. Expectations such as getting a wholly new face or body after a plastic surgery procedure are unwarranted. Having realistic expectations about the results of the procedure is key towards a successful surgical exercise.
    It is notably not practical to undergo a surgery to resemble your favorite celebrity. As well, expecting an entirely new life and personality after a procedure is unrealistic. The prime aim of plastic surgery is the correction of one’s perfections as well as improving the individual’s appearance to look their optimal best. Aiming at becoming another person entirely through plastic surgery is to be avoided by all means.
  3. There are risks associated with plastic surgery interventions.
    Just like any surgical exercise, plastic surgery also is not devoid of risk. Some of the most common complications include adverse reactions to the anesthetic, excessive bleeding, necrosis, and infection at the incision site.
    Every plastic surgery procedure carries its own set of unique complications, which may include contour irregularities for liposuction exercises and loss of sensitivity in the treated surface. Buttock and breast augmentation with implants feature the risks of capsular contracture, implant leakage, and possible rupture.
    Hematoma, edema, and seroma are also among the potential complications of plastic surgery procedures. Withal, they may be treatable and preventable in others. Some common after effects of plastic surgery include bruising and swelling. This is so because the tissues have gone through injury and trauma and require time properly heal and get back in shape. However, if the swelling does not vanish with a few days, there is absolutely no cause for alarm. It may, times, take a maximum of a few weeks to months for the swelling to disappear. This is true especially for complex or multiple procedures.

Types of Plastic Surgeries

The most common types of plastic surgeries are:

  1. Liposuction – This is a type of cosmetic surgery to remove excess fat from under one’s skin by suction in an attempt to change its shape. Liposuction is commonly performed on the upper arms, thighs, hips, abdomen, and buttocks.
    In 2005, 89 percent of the 323,605 liposuctions undertaken were females. The benefits of liposuction include:
    • Enhancing the body contour and shape.
    • Helpful in the complete removal of lipomas.
    • Helpful to men with gynecomastia through the removal of the fatty breast tissue.
    • Helps treat lipodystrophy syndrome.
    • Help treat excessive sweating in the armpits and chaffing in other areas.
    • Results, for the most part, are immediate and long-lasting.
  2. Rhinoplasty – Also called the nose job, rhinoplasty is basically the reshaping of the nose, either to make it smaller or bigger, or to change the angle between the upper lip and nose, or to narrow the nostrils.
    In 2005, 33 percent of the 298413 cases of rhinoplasty were associated with men. Some of the benefits of rhinoplasty include:
    • Restoring facial symmetry.
    • Improving breathing.
    • Fixing a broken nose.
    • Treating sinus problems.
    • Correcting birth defects.
    • Educing snoring.
    • Improving appearance and confidence.
  3. Breast Augmentation – Also known as, augmentation mammaplasty, breast augmentation is the use of silicone or saline-filled implants to increase the size of a woman’s breast.
    As of 2005, a whopping 291,350 women underwent the breast augmentation procedure making it among the top cosmetic surgery exercise for women. Some of the key benefits of this procedure include:
    • Added volume and curves.
    • Evened out naturally asymmetrical breasts.
    • Restored breasts after aging and pregnancy.
    • Rebuilt breasts after a mastectomy procedure.
    • Increased self-confidence.
  4. Eyelid Surgery – Eyelid surgery, also called blepharoplasty, entails the correction of the bags below the eyes and drooping upper eyelids through the removal of extra fat, skin, and muscle.
    In 2005, around 86 percent of the 230, 697 eyelid surgeries were performed on women. Some of the blepharoplasty benefits include:
    • Improved vision.
    • A refreshed appearance.
    • Restoration of youthful definition to the eyelids.
    • Removes the excess skin and bulging fat.
    • Can eliminate under eye bags and dark circles.
    • Can get rid of eye wrinkles and lines under eyes.
    • Can eliminate cheek and eyelid grooves and tear troughs.
  5. Tummy Tuck – This is a surgical operation, which aims at removing excess flesh and fat from the abdominal areas, for cosmetic exercises. The result is a flattened abdomen and tightened abdominal muscles.
    In 2005, only four percent of the 134,746 patients that underwent the procedure were men. Some of tummy tuck benefits include:
    • Reduced stress urinary incontinence.
    • Better posture and improved abdominal tone.
    • Correction of a ventral hernia.
    • Increased exercise tolerance.
  6. Face-Lift – Facelift of rhytidectomy is a cosmetic surgical procedure, which aims at removing unwanted wrinkles through tightening the face’s skin and removing of excess fat.
    From the 2005 stats, 10 percent of the 108,955 face-lift procedures’ patients were men. Some of the benefits of face-lift procedures include:
    • Correction of jowls.
    • Softening of the nasolabial folds.
    • Heightened definition of the sub-mental region.
    • Restoration of the mid-face volume.
    • Tighter, firmer and fresher look.
  7. Breast Lift – Breast lift, also referred as mastopexy, is a surgical exercise carried out on women to raise and reshape saggy breasts. The procedure entails the removal of extra skin and repositioning of the nipples and remaining tissue.
    In 2005, about 92,740 breast lift procedures were undertaken. The benefits of this cosmetic procedure include:
    • Correcting drooping breasts.
    • Improve the appearance of the areola.
    • Lessening skin irritation.
    • Reduced limitation on physical activity.
    • Improving physical health and appearance.
    • Can result in a youthful appearance.
    • Increased clothing option.
    • Reversing the pregnancy effects.
    • Improving body proportions.
  8. Dermabrasion – In cosmetic surgery, dermabrasion is the removal of superficial layers of skin with the use if a rapidly revolving abrasive tool. The procedure basically rubs out facial blemishes and wrinkles to leave newer, softer skin layers.
    Out 69,359 dermabrasion patients in 2005, women made up the 88 percent. The benefits of this procedure include:
    • Removal of facial wrinkles.
    • Helps treat acne and surgical scars.
    • Can be helpful in removing tattoos.
    • Can be used to remove precancerous growths.
    • Removes age spots and other pigmentation problems.
    • Reduces scarring.
  9. Forehead Lift – Also known as browplasty or browlift, a forehead lift is a cosmetic procedure that is used to elevate a drooping eyebrow, which may hinder/obstruct vision and/or eliminate the deep “worry” lines running across one’s forehead.
    In 2005, men received 13 percent of the 55,518 forehead lifts performed. Some of the procedure’s benefits include:
    • Restoration of a youthful arch to the eyebrows.
    • Reduction of the appearance of saggy upper eyelids.
    • The smoothened appearance of a furrowed brow.
    • Removal of excess skin.
    • Elevation and reposition o the brow line along an individual’s natural brow ridge.
  10. Hair Transplantation – This is a surgical technique, which removes hair follicles from one body part, referred to as the donor site, to a bald or a balding body part known as the recipient site.
    In 2005, out of 47,462 hair transplantation procedures, male recipients accounted for 83 percent of the total patients. Some of the listed benefits of the procedure include:
    • Eliminates balding.
    • It is a low maintenance procedure.
    • The exercise s cost-effective and natural.
    • Results in improved looks.
    • It is a permanent remedy.
  11. Ear Surgery – Ear surgery is also referred to as otoplasty, is a cosmetic procedure aimed at improving the shape, proportion or position of the ear. The exercise entails removal or bending back of the ear’s cartilage or skin to bring the ears closer the patient’s head.
    In 2005, 27,993 such procedures were done with 59 percent being on female patients. Benefits arising from this procedure may include:
    • Correcting lop ear, or folded ear tips.
    • Enhancing smaller ears as well as other congenital defects.
    • Reshaping offset or long earlobes.
    • Enhancing proportion to one’s face if ears “stick out.”
    • Remedying an accidental injury, as well as the loss of an ear.
  12. Lip Augmentation – This is a type of plastic surgery or non-surgical exercise, which aims at altering the appearance of the lips through increasing their fullness. This is done by enlarging the lips by using fillers.
    In 2005, 95 percent of the 25,878 lip augmentation exercises were done on women. Here are some of the benefits arising from this simple procedure.
    • Gradual, simple treatment.
    • The procedure is less bruising.
    • The results are long-term.
    • Less downtime.
    • Enhances a natural look.
    • Increased self-confidence.
    • Not necessarily a surgical procedure.
  13. Breast Implant Removal – This surgical procedure aims at getting rid of potentially risky breast implants. For instance, implants causing Baker III or Baker IV capsular contracture, implants causing necrosis and those posing a threat of ALCL or infection should be removed.
    In 2005, approximately 24,694 women had their implants removed to prevent looming health concerns. Some of the benefits of removing breast implants include:
    • Aesthetically, one could prefer their body with smaller breasts.
    • Get rid of undesirable changes in the implants such as rupture, scarring or rippling.
    • Improved body image.
    • Ameliorated self-confidence.
    • Ability to breastfeed.
    • Reduced back pain, if the implants were too big.
  14. Breast Reduction (Men) – A male breast reduction surgery is an exercise aimed at removing excess tissue from a man’s breasts to help achieve a masculine look. This surgery is used to treat gynecomastia.
    The condition is fairly common affecting 40 to 60 percent of males. In 2005, more than 16,275 men underwent the breast reduction procedure. Some of the benefits of this procedure include:
    • Helps achieve a toned, masculine chest.
    • Boosts confidence in appearance.
    • Long lasting results.
    • Ameliorated self-confidence and self-esteem.
    • Relatively short downtime.
    • Leaves a proportionate look and a less self-conscious feel.
  15. Chin Augmentation – This procedure entails the use of surgical implants to alter the underlying face structure to provide better balance to the facial features. The procedure enhances the projection and shape of the chin.
    In 2005, women received 42 percent of the 15,161 chin augmentation procedures. Some benefits arising from this procedure include:
    • Strengthens a weak, underdeveloped chin.
    • Helps in changing the appearance of chin dimpling.
    • Helps in bringing the balance to the chin and nose.
    • Increases the width or height of the chin.
    • Produce an attractive triangular shape to one’s jawline.
  16. Upper Arm Lift – An arm lift, or brachioplasty, is a surgical procedure, which reduces the excess sagging skin that id downward drooping. Moreover, the procedure smoothens and tightens the underlying supportive tissue, which defines the shape of one’s upper arm.
    Women served as the recipient of the four percent 11,873 upper arm lifts carried out in 2005. Some of the benefits of undergoing through this procedure include:
    • Helps remove excess skin and fat.
    • Changes one’s arm shape and tone.
    • Results in improved contours.
    • Better proportions are achieved.
    • Helps in hiding scars.
    • Restores confidence.
    • Lead to better workout results.
  17. Thigh Lift – A thigh lift is a plastic surgery procedure, which entails the removal of excess fat and skin from either the outer or inner thighs. The procedure is often desirable after bariatric or significant weight loss or in people for whom exercise and dieting fail to reduce excess tissue in their upper thighs.
    About 95 percent of 9,533 people who received a thigh lift in 2005 were women. Some of the benefits associated with this procedure include:
    • Helps balance your body contours.
    • Removes excess fat and skin.
    • Boost one’s confidence.
    • Eliminates chafing, which eliminates chances of catching infections.
    • The results are permanent.
    • Helps tighten muscles.
    • Reduces stretch marks.
  18. Cheek Implant – Cheek augmentation with the use of implants is a procedure, which aims at emphasizing one’s cheeks. The implant may be placed on a patient’s cheekbone. Injections with soft tissue filler or fat from the patient are also common.
    Out of the 9,326 cheek implants performed in 2005, men received 38 percent of them. Here are some of the benefits arising from cheek implants:
    • Provides a permanent enhancement to the cheeks.
    • The results are controllable, from slight to significant.
    • Post-surgical risks are very low.
    • Utilizes safe, biocompatible materials.
    • It can be an add-on exercise for other procedures, such as chin or face-lift.
  19. Lower Body Lift – Lower body lift, also known as a belt lipectomy, is a surgical procedure, which reshapes a patient’s hips, abdomen, buttocks, and thighs. This exercise is usually an extension of the tummy tuck concept.
    In 2005, women formed the majority of the 8,696 patients who underwent lower body lifts by 86 percent. Some benefits of having more than one part of your body worked on through lower body lift include:
    • Helps to correct saggy sections of thighs, hips, and buttocks.
    • Helps deal with excess fat in the three body areas.
    • Helps tighten the skin around the thighs, buttocks, and hips.
    • Tightens the muscles around the areas being worked on.
    • It is a source of self-confidence.
  20. Buttock Lift – A buttock lift is a cosmetic surgical procedure to ameliorate the appearance of one’s buttocks. The procedure is typically carried out as part of lower body lift to contour the groin, buttocks, abdomen, and thighs.
    Referencing the 2005 statistics, out of the 5,193 buttock lift procedures performed, women accounted for 92 percent. The benefits of this cosmetic surgery include:
    • The buttocks get a more toned appearance due to the removal of excess fat and skin.
    • Buttock lift results are usually long-lasting.
    • The procedure is minimally invasive.
    • Improved and restored buttock volume.
    • Better contour and shape.
    • Minimized visibility of cellulite.
    • Greater satisfaction leading to confidence in appearance.
    • Better body proportion.
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